Hebew queen, held the role of queen mother during the reign of her grandson Asa 911 - 908 B.C.E. Stripped of her rank because of her lapse into pagan heresy.
(b. c975 - d. after 908 B.C.E.)
Queen of Egypt, daughter of Hattsulis, king of Khatti, she m. King Ramesses II (c1305 - 1213 B.C.E.). Held the rank of chief queen for ten years before retiring from the court.
(b. c1262 - d. c1205 B.C.E.)
Caribbean folk lorist and dancer, author of Outlines of the Dances of Trinidad.
(b. c1930, Trinidad)
McCaffery, Dorothy Kane
American agricultural commissioner
(b. 1917, Manhattan, New York - d. Sept 11, 1980, Hartford, Connecticut)
McCambridge, Mercedes Agnes
(b. March 16, 1916, Joliet, Illinois - d. March 2, 2004, La Jolla, California)
(b. 1923 - d. April 5, 1980)
MacIntyre, Elizabeth (Elizabeth Eldershaw)
Australian children's author, Affable, Amiable Bull Dozer Man : Hugh's Zoo (1965), she m. the landscape artist John Roy Eldershaw.
(b. 1916 - d. 2004)
(b. 1891 - d. July 15, 1965)
Mackenzie, Helen Margaret
(b. c1892 - d. May 4, 1966)
(b. June 16, 1902 - d. Sept, 1992)
MacDonald, Anne Thompson
American activist, promoted the recording of books for the blind.
(b. 1897 - d. Oct 9, 1993)
American inventor of household cleaning agent, Spic and Span.
(b. 1894 - d. May 11, 1992, Dunedin, Florida)
MacDonald, Margaret (Bobo)
British courtier, governess and confidante of Queen Elizabeth II.
(b. 1904 - d. Sept, 1993)
Irish actress, the mother of Angela Lansbury.
(b. Dec 10, 1895, Belfast, Ireland - d. Nov 25, 1975, Santa Monica, California)
American actress, Margeurite in The Scarlet Pimpernel series with Richard E. Grant.
(b. July 18, 1961, Evanston, Illinois)
McIlroy, Dame Louise
(b. c1877 - d. Feb 8, 1968)
McKean, Katharine Winthrop
American tennis player, doubles partner of Alice Marble at Wimbledon (1936).
(b. 1914, Ipswich, Massachusetts - d. Feb 12, 1997, Hamilton, Massachusetts)
(b. July 25, 1896 - d. Feb 13, 1952)
Maclean, Ida Smedley
(b. June 14, 1877 - d. March 2, 1944)
Macrae, Margaret Crichton-Stuart, Lady
Scottish civic activist and Red Cross patron, CBE (1920).
( b. Dec 24, 1875 - d. June 6, 1954)
Macy, Marie de Montchenu, Dame de
French courtier, mistress of King Francois I (d. 1547).
(b. 1515 - d. 1560)
Caribbean novelist and essayist, Le Mal de vivre (1967) : Autopsie in vivo (1975).
(b. c1932, Port-au-Prince, Haiti)
(b. March 7, 1908, Alexandria, Egypt - d. Sept 26, 1973, Rome)
Indian poet, she wrote lullabies and poems on the life of the deity Krishna.
Maille, Henriette Victoire Stuart de Fitzjames, Duchesse de
French courtier of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, émigré, descendant of James II of England and Arabella Churchill, m. (1784) Charles de Maille de La Tour Landry, Duc de (b. c1759 - d. 1837). Mother of Claire de Maille, Duchesse de Castries.
(b. Oct 11, 1770 - d. July 26, 1809)
Maisons, Marie Charlotte Roque de Varengeville, Marquise de
French courtier of Louis XIV and the Regency period 1715 - 1723, second wife of Claude de Longueil, Marquis de Maisons (1668 - 1715).
(b. 1682 - d. 1727)
Maitland, Julia Charlotte
British writer, Letters from Madras during the years 1836 - 1839, by a Lady (1843).
(fl. 1836 - 1843)
Indian queen, wife of Jal-ud-din Firuz of Delhi. Exiled for conspiring against her stepson.
(fl. c1270 - afrer 1296)
(b. Oct 29, 1828 - d. Dec 27, 1916)
Mallet, Matilde de Obarrio, Lady
Ecuadorean-British social activist
(b. March 13, 1872 - d. Oct 17, 1964)
American epidemic carrier, 'Typhoid Mary'.
(b. 1870 - d. Nov 11, 1938)
Malmesbury, Dorothy Gough-Calthorpe, Countess of
British Red Cross activist WWI, CBE (1920).
(b. 1882 - d. 1973)
French writer and diplomatic wife, When We Were 20 (1967).
(b. 1897 - d. 1982)
(b. c1892 - d. July 29, 1961)
Mancini, Eva Cattermole
Italian poet and author as 'Contessa Lara.'
(b. 1849, Florence - d. 1896, Rome)
Italian-French courtier, niece of Cardinal Mazarin, first love of Louis XIV who desired to marry her, she eventually m. (1661) Prince Lorenzo di Colonna, Constable of Naples.
(b. 1639, Paris, France - d. May 11, 1716, Psa, Italy)
(b. Oct 31, 1899 - d. Dec 29, 1980)
Caribbean novelist, Mon examen de blanc (1972) : La Graine (1974).
(b. 1938, Guadeloupe - d. April or May, 1976)
British-Jamaican novelist and poet, Prisms (before 1979).
(b. July 2, 1947, England)
Roman Augusta 193 C.E., m. (c166 C.E.) emperor Didius Julianus (133 - 193 C.E.) whom she and their daughter Didia Clara survived. Attested by surviving coinage.
(b. c148 - d. after 193 C.E.)
(b. c1895 - d. March 21, 1964)
German memoirist, widow of Thomas Mann.
(b. 1882 - d. April 25, 1980, Zurich, Switzerland)
(b. April 19, 1934, Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania
killed June 29, 1967, near New Orleans, in a car accident)
(b. Jan 5, 1910 - d. Nov 20, 1988)
Romanian novelist and translator, Instantanee (Snapshots) (1945).
(b. 1888, Iasi, Romania - d. 1971, Bucharest, Romania)
Marchena de Leyba, Amalia Francisca (Amelia Francasi)
Caribbean novelist, biographer, and author, Madre Culpable (1893) : Monsenor de Merino intimo (1926).
(b. Oct 4, 1850, Dominica, Dominican Republic - d. Feb 27, 1941)
Marcia, Aurelia Ceionia Demetrias
Roman Imperial courtier and concubine, mistress of emperor Commodus, whose removal she facilitated. Put to death by his successor Pertinax. Said to be a Christian sympahtiser.
(b. c159 - d. 193 C.E., Rome)
Roman patrician, second wife 65 - 66 B.C.E. of the future emperor Titus (39 - 81 C.E.) Divorced because of her father's involvement in a conspiracy against Nero. No children, she is attested by surviving statuary.
(b. c42 - d. c78 C.E.)
Marciana of Rusuccur
Spanish Christian martyr
(b. c275 - d. c300 B.C.E.)
Margaret of Antioch
Princess of Cyprus, sister to King Hugh III. She ruled Tyre, Palestine 1283 - 1291as sovereign countess.
(b. 1244 - d. Jan 30, 1308, nun in Cyprus)
Margaret of Burgundy
Queen consort of Navarre, wife of Louis X (1289 - 1315). Divorced (1314) for adultery and imprisoned.
(b. 1290, Burgundy - d. Aug 14, 1315, Chateau Gaillard)
Queen consort of Denmark, wife of Christopher I (d. 1259). Regent for Erik VI 1259 - 1266.
(b. 1231, Pomerelia - d. Dec, 1282)
Byzantine princess, the daughter of emperor Alexius I and Irene Dukaina, m. (1) Gregorius Gabras, m. (2) Nikephorus Katakalon.
(b. 1085 - d. after 1136)
Serbian princess, daughter of Prince Ninoslav, and granddaughter of Stephen Kotromanic, King of Serbia (d. c1314), m. (1352) Count Ulrich von Helfenstein (murd. 1372).
(b. 1333 - d. 1403)
Queen of Hungary, the daughter of Byzantine emperor Theodore II Laskaris and his first wife Anna Angela, she m. (1218) King Bela IV (1206 - 1270). Mother of St Margaret of Hungary
(b. 1206 - d. before Dec 31, 1270)
Maria of Aragon
Queen consort of Castile, the daughter of Ferdinand I, King of Aragon, first wife of Juan II (1405 - 1454). Her death was a political assassination.
(b. 1403, Aragon - murd. Feb, 1445, at Villecastin, near El Espinar)
Maria Amalia of Saxony
Duchess, the daughter of Duke Maximilian and Carolina of Parma. She was a dramatist and composer of Die Furstenbraut.
(b. Aug 10, 1794, Dresden, Saxony - d. Sept 18, 1970, Pillnitz, Saxony)
Maria Antonia of Portugal
Infanta, daughter of Infante Dom Miguel, m. (1884, Fischorn, near Zell-am-See) Roberto I, Duke of Parma (1848 - 1907). Mother-in-law of the last Hapsburg emperor Karl I (1916 - 1919) : Dowager Duchess for over fifty years.
(b. Nov 28, 1862, Bronnbach - d. May 14, 1959, Berg Castle, Luxemburg)
Maria Anna of Savoy
Princess of Sardinia, daughter of King Vittorio Amedeo III, m. (1775, at Turin) her paternal uncle, Prince Benedetto, Duke of Chablais (1741 - 1808).
(b. Dec 17, 1757, Turin, Piedmont - d. Dec 11, 1824, Stupinigi)
Maria Antoinetta of Spain
Queen of Sardinia 1773 - 1785, m. (1750, at Oulx) King Vittorio Amedeo III (1726 - 1796), daughter of Philip V, King of Spain and his second wife Elisabeth Farnese.
(b. Nov 17, 1729, Seville - d. Sept 19, 1785, Moncalieri, near Rome)
Maria Antonia Walpurgis of Bavaria
Saxon electress and composer, patron of Porpora and Naumann.
(b. July 18, 1724, Munich, Bavaria - d. April 23, 1780, Dresden, Saxony)
Maria Christina of Naples
Queen of Sardinia 1824 - 1831, the daughter of Ferdinando I, King of Naples, and his wife Maria Carolina of Austria, she m. (1807, at Palermo) King Carlo Felice (1765 - 1831) and was Queen Dowager 1831 - 1849.
(b. Jan 17, 1779, Caserta, near Naples - d. March 11, 1849, Savona)
Maria Felicita of Savoy
Princess of Sardinia, daughter of King Carlo Emmaneule III and Polyxena of Hesse-Rheinsfels. Sister to King Vittorio Amedeo III. Died unmarried.
(b. March 19, 1730, Turin, Piedmont - d. May 13, 1801, Rome)
Maria Giovanna Battista d'Orleans (Marie Jeanne Baptiste)
French-Italian ruler, m. Carlo Emanuele I, Duke of Savoy (1634 - 1675). Ruled as regent 1675 - 1682 for their son Victor Emanuele II, King of Sardinia (1666 - 1731).
(b. April 1, 1644 - d. March 15, 1724)
Maria Josepha of Saxony
Austrian archduchess and Imperial mother 1916 - 1919, m. Archduke Otto (1865 - 1906). Mother of the last reigning Hapsburg emperor Emperor Charles I (1887 - 1922).
(b. May 31, 1867 - d. May 28, 1944)
Maria Luisa of Bourbon-Parma
Princess of Bulgaria 1893 - 1899, first wife (1893, at Pianore) the future Tsar Ferdinand I (1861 - 1948), daughter of Roberto I, Duke of Parma.
(b. Jan 17, 1870, Rome, Italy - d. Jan 31, 1899, Sofia, Bulgaria)
Maria Luisa of Spain
Queen of Etruria, m. (1795, at Madrid) Louis of Bourbon-Parma, King of Etruria (1773 - 1803), daughter of Charles IV of Spain and Maria Luisa of Parma.
(b. July 6, 1782, San Ildefonso, Spain - d. March 13, 1824, Rome, Italy)
Mariamne I (Mariamne of Hasmonea)
Judaean queen, of Hasmonean origins, second and beloved wife of Herod the Great (73 - 4 B.C.E.) who obsessive love brought about her death on charges of conspiracy.
(b. 54 - d. 29 B.C.E.)
Mariamne II (Mariamne of Jerusalem)
Judaean queen, daughter of Simon of Jerusalem, m (20 B.C.E.) Herod the Great (73 - 4 B.C.E.). Divorced (5 B.C.E.) because of involvement in a court conspiracy.
(b. c40 - d. after 4 B.C.E.)
Maria Pia of Bourbon-Sicily
Duchess of Parma 1869 - 1882, first wife (1869, at Rome) Duke Roberto I (1848 - 1907), daughter of Ferdinando II, king of Naples and Theresia of Austria. Grandmother of Duke Roberto II (1909 - 1974).
(b. Aug 2, 1849, Gaeta, Sicily - d. Sept 29, 1882, Biarritz, France)
(fl. c80 - c100 C.E.)
Maria Teresa Mestre
Grand Duchess of Luxemburg from 1999, she m. (1981, Luxemburg) Grand Duke Henri (b. 1955). Mother of hereditary Prince Guillaime (b. 1981).
(b. March 22, 1956, Marianao, Cuba)
Maria Teresa of Savoy
Duchess of Parma, m. (1820, at Turin) Duke Carlo II (1799 - 1883).
(b. Sept 19, 1803, Rome - d. July 16, 1879, San Martino)
French princess, daughter of Philip II Augustus and Agnes of Meran, m. (1) Philip, Count of Namur (d. 1213), m. (2) Henry I, Duke of Brabant (1165 - 1235).
(b. 1198 - d. Aug 15, 1224)
Marie de Bourbon
Latin empress of Constantinople, m. (2) (1347) Robert of Anjou (1319 - 1364). Independent ruler of the principality of Achaea 1364 - 1370.
(b. 1315 - d. 1387, Naples, Italy)
Marie de Chatillon
Queen of Naples 1382 - 1384, m. (1360) titular king, Louis I d'Anjou (1339 - 1384), mother of King Louis II (1377 - 1417). Spent the years 1384 - 1399 gaining control of the county of Provence.
(b. 1351 - d. Nov 12, 1404)
Marie de France
Anglo-Norman poet, author of the poem, lai de Lanval, and Isopet (c1180) (fables).
(b. c1145, probably in Anjou, Normandy - d. 1216, nun at Shaftesbury Abbey, Dorset)
Marie de Guise-Lorraine
Queen regent of Scotland 1542 - 1560 for her daughter Mary, Queen of Scots. The widow of James IV, she maintained a Catholic army to enforce her position. Clashed with the Protestant leader and agitator John Knox.
(b. Nov 22, 1515, Bar-le-Duc, Lorraine, France
d. June 11, 1560, Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh, Scotland)
Marie de Medici
Queen of France 1600 - 1610, the daughter of Francesco I de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, she m. Henry IV (1553 - 1610). Regent 1610 - 1617 for their son Louis XIII. Banished to Blois 1617 - 1619.
(b. April 26, 1573, Florence, Italy - d. July 3, 1642, Cologne, Germany)
Marie de Valois (1)
French princess, daughter of Charles IV and Jeanne d'Evreux. Proposed twice, 1331 and 1337, as a bride for Edward, the 'Black Prince', son of Edward III, but died in childhood.
(b. 1327 - d. Oct 6, 1341)
Marie de Valois (2)
French princess, daughter of Charles V and Jeanne de Bourbon. Proposed as a bride for Richard II of England, she died before negotiations could be finalized.
(b. Feb 27, 1370 - d. June, 1377)
Marie de Valois (3)
French princess, daughter of Charles VI and Isabeau of Bavaria, and sister of Charles VII. Appointed prioress of Poissy 1408 - 1438.
(b. Aug 24, 1393 - d. Aug 11, 1438)
Duchess of Brabant, m. (1311) Duke John III (1297 - 1355). Patron of the beguine movement, notably of the nun Bloemardine, whom the duchess protected.
(b. 1302 - d. Oct 31, 1335)
Queen of France 1727 - 1768, m. King Louis XV (1710 - 1774). Their son the Dauphin Louis (1729 - 1765) was the father of Louis XVI, Louis XVIII and Charles X.
(b. June 23, 1703, Breslau, Silesia, Poland
d. June 24, 1768, Palace of Versailles, near Paris)
Marie of Anjou
Queen of France 1422 - 1461, m. Charles VII (1403 - 1461) and mother of Louis IX (1423 - 1483). Ignored by her philandering husband, her son adored her.
(b. Oct 14, 1404 - d. Nov 29, 1463)
Marie of Brabant (1)
Holy Roman empress 1214 - 1218, m. (1) emperor Otto IV (1177 - 1218) m. (2) William I, Count of Holland (1165 - 1222). No children.
(b. 1191 - d. 1260)
Marie of Brabant (2)
Queen of France 1273 - 1285, second wife of Philip III (1245 - 1285). The patron of poets and troubadours, Geoffroi de Joinville dedicated his memoirs to her.
(b. 1257 - d. Jan 12, 1321)
Marie of Burgundy
Duchess and heiress 1477 - 1482, only child of Duke Charles the Bold. Her stepmother was Margaret of York, sister of Edward IV of England, m. (1477) Archduke Maximilian (later emperor Maximilian II) (1459 - 1519). Mother of Philip I of Austria, King of Castile (1478 - 1506), paternal grandmother of emperor Charles V (1500 - 1558). Her marriage was considered the most important in European medieval history.She died after a fall from her horse whilst pregnant.
(b. Feb 13, 1457, Brussels - d. March 27, 1482, Bruges, Flanders)
Marie of Luxemburg
Queen of France 1322 - 1324, second wife of Charles IV (1294 - 1328), daughter of Henry of Luxemburg, Holy Roman emperor. Originally proposed as a bride for the elderly Henry of Carinthia, king of Bohemia. Being accidentally thrown from her carriage whilst pregnant, brought on a premature confinement and death.
(b. 1304 - d. March 25, 1324, Issoudoun, near Bourges)
Marie Antoinette of Austria
Queen of France 1774 - 1792, m. (1770) King Louis XVI (1754 - 1793), daughter of empress Maria Theresa. Mother of Louis VII, who died in the Temple, and Marie Therese Charlotte, Madame Royale, who m. her cousin the Duc d'Angouleme.
(b. Nov 2, 1755, Vienna, Austria - guillotined, Oct 16, 1793, Paris)
Marie Louise d'Orleans
Queen of Spain 1679 - 1689, m. King Carlos II (1661 - 1700). Niece of Louis XIV. No children. Popularly believed to have been poisoned by the Comtesse de Soissons.
(b. March 27, 1662, Palais Royal, Paris - d. Feb 12, 1689, Madrid, Spain)
Marie Louise Gonzaga
Queen of Poland 1646 - 1667, daughter of Carlo, Duke of Nevers, m.(1) King Vladyslav IV Vasa (1595 - 1648), m. (2) his brother King Jan Kasimir (1609 - 1672).
(b. 1611 - d. 1667)
Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel
German regent of Orange 1711 - 1732, widow of Prince Jan Willem Friso (1687 - 1711) ruled for their son William IV (1711 - 1751). Dowager for over fifty years.
(b. Feb 7, 1688 - d. April 19, 1765)
Marie Louise Gabriella
Queen of Spain 1701 - 1714, first wife of Philip V (1683 - 1746), daughter of Victor Emanuele II of Savoy, King of Sardinia. Mother of King Ferdinand VI (1713 - 1759).
(b. Sept 17, 1688, Turin, Piedmont, Italy - d. Feb 14, 1714, Madrid, Spain)
Marie Therese de Bourbon
French princess, granddaughter of Louis XV, styled ' Madame' 1746 - 1748. Died young.
(b. July 19, 1746, Palace of Versailles, near Paris - d. April 27, 1748, Versailles)
Marie Therese Raphaelle of Spain
French Dauphine 1744 - 1746, daughter of Philip V, daughter.-in-law of Louis XV. She died in childbirth, leaving a daughter who died young.
(b. June 11, 1726, Madrid, Spain - d. July 22, 1746, Palace of Versailles, near Paris)
Marietta of Patras
Cyprian courtier, she was the the mistress of King John II (d. 1458), and the mother of King James II (1440 - 1473). She died in captivity.
(b. c1420 - d. after 1478)
Marie Zephyrine de Bourbon
French princess, second granddaughter of Louis XV, sister of Louis XVI, styled 'Madame' 1750 - 1755, she sufferred from frequent ill-health and died young.
(b. Aug 26, 1750, Palace of Versailles, near Paris - d. Sept 2, 1755, Versailles)
Marigny, Marie Charon de Menars, Marquise de
French courtier, she m. (1648) Jean Baptiste Colbert, Marquis de Marigny (1619 - 1683) the famous minister of Louis XIV.
(b. 1630 - d. 1687)
Marinetti, Benedetta Cappa
Italian novelist and poet, Le forze umane (1926).
(b. 1899, Rome - d. 1980)
Marlborough, Frances Laura Charteris, Duchess of
British society figure
(b. Aug 10, 1915 - d. 1990)
Marson, Una Maud
Jamaican poet, dramatist and radio broadcaster, At What a Price (1932) : Poetry for Children by Poets of Jamaica (1958).
(b. 1905, Jamaica - d. 1965)
Martha of Astorga
Spanish Christian martyr
(b. c233 - d. 251 C.E.)
Martin, Daisy Maud
British nursing matron
(b. c1888 - d. Aug 23, 1964)
American actress and dancer, mother of actor Larry Hagman.
(b. Dec 1, 1913, Weatherford, Texas - d. Nov 3, 1990, Rancho Mirage, California)
(b. Jan 4, 1887 - d. April 12, 1967)
(b. c1880 - d. Feb 5, 1966)
British water colour painter
(b. 1842 - d. Feb 19, 1909)
American theatrical agent
(b. 1901, Budapest, Hungary - d. May 18, 1992, Manhattan, New York)
Mary of Guise see Marie de Guise-Lorraine
Mary I Tudor (' Bloody Mary' )
Queen of England 1553 - 1558, only child of Henry VIII and Catharine of Aragon. Half-sister of Elizabeth I and Edward VI, m. (1554) Philip II, king of Spain (1527 - 1598) who abandoned her. She lost the port of Calais and died childless.
(b. Feb 18, 1516, Greenwich Palace, Kent - d. Nov 17, 1558, St James's Palace, London)
Mary II Stuart
Queen of England 1688 - 1694, m. (1677) William III (William II of Orange) (1650 - 1702) who ruled alone after her death. Elder sister of Queen Anne. Patron of the composer Henry Purcell.
(b. April 30, 1662, St James's Palace, London
d. Dec 28, 1694, Kensington Palace, London)
Mary Stuart (1)
English Princess Royal, eldest daughter of Charles I and Henrietta Maria de Bourbon, sister of Charles II, m. (1641) William II, prince of Orange (1626 - 1650). Their son William III (1650 - 1702) became king of England in 1688 having m. his cousin Mary II, daughter of James II.
(b. Nov 4, 1631, St James's Palace, London
d. Dec 24, 1660, Whitehall Palace, London)
Mary Stuart (2)
English princess, eldest daughter of Queen Anne and Prince George of Denmark.
(b. June 2, 1685, Whitehall Palace, London - d. Feb 8, 1687, Windsor Castle, Berkshire)
Mason, Charlotte Maria Shaw
British social reformer
(b. Jan 1, 1842 - d. Jan 16, 1923)
(b. May 28, 1919 - d. 1986)
French tennis player, winner of the French singles championships (1938 - 1939).
(b. 1909 - d. Jan, 1980, Paris)
French culinary writer
(b. 1906 - d. June 14, 1998)
Roman Imperial patrician, great-niece of emperor Trajan, half-sister of Sabina, wife of Hadrian. The dispositions of her will caused the Imperial family some embarassment.
(b. c82 - d. after 161 C.E.)
Matilda of Savoy
Queen of Portugal 1146 - 1157, m. King Alfonso I Henriques (1110 - 1185) : the daughter of Amadeus III, Count of Savoy. Mother of King Sancho I (1154 - 1212). Renowned for her religious piety.
(b. 1125, Turin, Piedmont, Italy - d. Dec 4, 1157, Coimbra, Beira, Portugal)
Matilda of Saxony
German Imperial princess, dau. of emperor Otto II, sister of Otto III, m. (c992) Count Palatine Ezzo (955 - 1034). She later seperated from Ezzo and became a nun.
(b. 978 - d. Dec 4, 1025, Echtz, Sauer)
Matschat, Cecile Hulse
American artist, writer, and botanist, Suwanee River (1938).
(b. 1894, Binghampton, New York - d. 1976, Brooklyn, New York)
Maude, Edith Caroline
(b. 1865 - d. Oct 6, 1922)
Spanish dramatist, Chocolate a la espanola (Hot Chocolate, Spanish Style) (1953).
(b. 1910, Madrid - d. 1970)
Maurepas, Marie Jeanne Phelypaux de la Vrillierre, Comtesse de
French political salonniere, courtier of Louis XV and Louis XVI, victim of the Revolution, condemned to death despite her great age.
(b. 1704 - guillotined 1793, Paris)
Maxwell, Marina see Omowale, Marina
Indian queen, regent of Gurjurat for her son Yayasimha.
(fl. c1064 - after 1094)
American film critic
(b. 1889 - d. March 25, 1980)
Mayfield, Sara Martin
(b. Sept 10, 1905 - d. Jan 10, 1979)
Mayo, Blanche Julia Wyndham, Countess of
British Vicereine of India, lady-in-waiting to Queen Victoria (CI) (VA), m. (1848) Richard Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo (1822 - assassinated 1872).
(b. 1826 - d. Jan 31, 1918)
Mazarin, Francoise de Mailly, Duchesse de
French courtier and salonniere, lady-in-waiting to Queen Marie Leszcynszka 1725 - 1742, the wife of Louis XV.
(b. Aug 30, 1688 - d. Sept 11, 1742, Palace of Versailles, near Paris)
Mazarin, Louise Francoise de Rohan, Duchesse de
French heiress and courtier of Louis XV, m. (1716, Paris) Guy Paul de La Porte, duc de Mazarin (1701 - 1738).
(b. Jan 4, 1695, Paris - d. July 27, 1755, Paris)
Mazumdar, Hema Prabha
Indian political activist, member of the Non-Cooperation Movement from 1921.
(b. 1882 - d. 1962)
Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Christina Margaret von Gustrow, Duchess of
German princess, left her husband Christian Louis II in 1665, when he became a Catholic, and retired to the court of her own family at Wofenbuttel.
(b. March 31, 1615, Gustrow, near Rostock, Mecklenburg-Schwerin
d. Aug 16, 1666, Wolfenbuttel, Lower Saxony, Germany)
Thracian princess, daughter of King Kothelas, m. (c342 B.C.E) Philip II, king of Macedon. She committed ritual suicide after the king's assasination.
(b. c359 - d. 336 B.C.E.)
American stage and film actress, and comic, Bye Bye Birdie.
(b. 1930, Manhattan, New York - d. April 10, 1980, Manhattan)
Medforth, Margeurite Elizabeth
British nursing matron
(b. Sept, 1879 - d. May 29, 1966)
Medici, Catherine de
Italian ruler, daughter of Grand Duke Ferdiando I. Governor of Siena 1627 - 1629.
(b. May 2, 1593, Florence, Italy - d. April 17, 1629,Siena)
Medici, Maddalena de
Italian papal courtier, sister of Pope Leo X, famous for her greed and rapacity.
(b. July 25, 1473, Florence, Italy - d. 1528)
American stage, film, and radio actress, Queen For a Day.
(b. 1898, Detroit, Michigan - d. Sept 26, 1993)
Melfort, Marie Gabrielle d'Audibert de Lussan, Duchesse de
French Jacobite courtier, heiress of the county of Lussan, (2) m. (1707) John Drummond, Duc de Melfort (1682 - 1754).
(b. 1675 - d. May 15, 1741, Chateau de St Germain-en-Laye, Paris)
Greek poet, native of Magna Graecia, wrote stanzas which celebrate the power of Rome.
(fl. c170 B.C.E.)
(b. Nov 2, 1893 - d. Sept 16, 1962)
Melville, Frances Helen
(b. 1873 - d. March 7, 1962)
(b. 1510 - d. 1569)
Mendoza, Ester Feliciano
Puerto-Rican children'a uthor and folk lorist, Arco-iris (1951).
(b. 1918, Aguadilla, Puert-Rico)
French poet and novelist, Bisson (1827) : poesies de Mlle Elisa Mercoeur (1829).
(b. 1809, Nantes - d. 1835)
Mercoeur, Laure Mancini-Mazarin, Duchesse de
Italian-French society figure, niece of Cardinal Mazarin, m. Louis de Bourbon, Duc de Mercoeur (1612 - 1669). Acclaimed as one of the 'Mazarinettes', the only one of her sisters to die with her reputation intact.
(b. 1635 - d. Feb 8, 1657, Paris)
Mercuriade of Salerno
Italian surgeon and physician, author of four surviving medical treatises.
(fl. c1200 - 1220)
British composer and lyricist, The Immortelle or The Children's Heritage.
(b. c1867 - d. March 16, 1964)
(b. Dec 10, 1903, Covington, Kentucky - d. Jan 2, 1986, Los Angeles, California)
Merken, Lucretia Wilhelmina
Dutch didactic poet, Het nut der tegenspoeden (Adversity Doesn't Help) (1762).
(b. 1721, Amsterdam, Holland - d. Oct 23, 1789, Leiden, Holland)
Merlin, Mercedes Santa Cruz y Montalvo, Condesa de
Cuban biographer, author, traveller, letter writer and literary salonniere, Souvenirs et memoires (1836) : Duc d'Athenes (1852).
(b. 1789, Havana, Cuba - d. 1852)
American decorator and antique textile dealer
(b. 1895, Cleveland, Ohio - d. July 10, 1993, Manhattan, New York)
(b. 1922 - d. June 12, 1998)
(b. Sept 8, 1924 - d. Feb 25, 1964)
Roman Republican patrician, the poet Ticidas celebrated her as 'Perilla'.
(b. c75 - d. after 44 B.C.E.)
Meulan, Marie de
Norman literary patron, m. Hugh de Cleuville.
(fl. c1130 - c1150)
(b. 1847 - d. Nov 27, 1922)
Michael, Julia Warner
Caribbean poet, A Memory of New Providence Island (1909).
(b. c1879, the Bahamas - d. after 1930)
Maori composer, of the Tuhoe and Mataatua tribes.
(b. c1800, Ruatahuna - d. c1875, Te Whaiti-nui-a-Toi)
Milbank, Rose Sheppard
American philanthropist and volunteer Red Cross activist.
(b. Aug 23, 1916, New Haven, Connecticut - d. Feb 23, 1998, Greenwich, Connecticut)
Mildmay, Grace Sherrington, Lady
English domestic diarist 1570 - 1617.
(b. 1552, Lacock, Wiltshire - d. July 27, 1620)
Caribbean poet, contributed to Breaklight and Voices literary periodicals.
(b. 1944, Trinidad)
Miller, Florence Fenwick
British feminist and suffrage leader.
(b. Nov 5, 1854 - d. April 24, 1935)
(b. 1924, Houston, Texas - d. Oct 31, 1998, Houston)
Brazilian priestess, Candomble spiritual leader.
(b. 1931 - d. Oct 15, 1998, Salvador da Bahia, Brazil)
Caribbean children's author and journalist, Caribbean Christmas (1972) : A Kite for Christmas (1974).
(b. c1932, Trinidad)
Millin, Sarah Gertrude
(b. c1891 - d. July 6, 1968)
Milnes-Gaskell, Constance Knox, Lady
(b. April 21, 1885 - d. April 29, 1964)
Milow, Margarethe Elisabeth
German writer, My Life : A Legacy for My Husband and My Children (1987).
(b. 1748 - d. 1794)
Queen of Korea, wife of Kojong ruled 1864 - 1907. Killed in a palace revolution.
(b. 1851 - murd. Oct 8, 1895, by Japanese officials)
Mintner, Mary Miles
(b. April 1, 1902, Shreveport, Louisiana - d. Aug 4, 1984, Santa Monica, California)
Mirabeau, Marie Genevieve de Vassan, Marquise de
French society figure, mother of the famous statesman.
(b. Dec 3, 1725 - d. 1793)
Miramion, Marie Bonneau de Rubelle de
(b. 1629 - d. 1696)
Mirsky, Reba Paeff
American harpsichordist, composer, educator, and writer
(b. May 25, 1902, Boston, Massachusetts - d. Nov 22, 1966)
British actress, The Story of Gilbert and Sullivan (1953) : The First Kangaroos (1988).
(b. July 23, 1926, Ipswich, England)
Mitchell, Gladys Maude Winifred
(b. April 19, 1901 - d. July, 1983)
(b. Dec 10, 1890, Portland, Oregon - d. Sept 16, 1957, Los Angeles, California)
Moberly, Winifred Horsbrugh
(b. April, 1875 - d. April 6, 1928)
Modena, Laura Martinozzi de Ferio, Duchess of
Italian ruler, m. Alfonso IV d'Este, Duke of Modena, regent 1662 - 1680 for their son Duc Fancesco II (1660 - 1694). Her dau. Mary Beatrice m. James II of England (1673).
(b. 1635 - d. July 19, 1687)
Modene, Charlotte Aglae d'Orleans, Duchesse de
French princess, daughter of the Prince Regent Philippe I d'Orleans, m. Francesco III d'Este, Duc de Modene (1698 - 1780). The marriage ended unhappily, and she retired to the French court.
(b. 1700 - d. 1761)
Molloy, Julia Sale
(b. Oct 19, 1905 - d. June 2, 1983)
' Mona Lisa ' see Giocondo, Lisa del
Monckton of Brenchley, Bridget Helen Hore-Ruthven, Lady
British Senior Controller ATS and director WACI, WW II. CBE., m. 1918 - 1947, Lord Carlisle. Eleventh holder of the barony of Ruthven of Freeland 1956 - 1982.
(b. 1897 - d. April 17, 1982)
Chinese heroine, commanded the forces of the city of Changyang against Imperial troops.
(fl. c490 C.E. - 503)
Monk, Beatrice Marsh
British nursing matron
(b. c1871 - d. June 2, 1962)
Monmouth, Anne Scott, Duchess of
Scottish countess of Buccleuch 1661 - 1732, m. James Crofts (Scott), Duke of Monmouth (1649 - 1685) son of Charles II and Lucy Walter.
(b. Feb 11, 1651 - d. Feb 6, 1732)
Monnier, Sophie de Ruffey, Marquise de
French letter writer, the mistress of statesman the Marquis de Mirabeau.
(b. 1754, Pontarlier (Doubs) - suicide, Sept 9, 1789, Paris)
French-Caribbean novelist and author, La Fille du Caraibe (1960) : La Martinique et ses danses (1962)
(b. June 18, 1918, Nantes, Bretagne, France)
Montagu, Anne Paule Dominique de Noailles, Marquise de (Pauline)
French courtier of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, daughter of the Duc de Noailles d'Ayen, sister-in-law of the Marquis deLa Fayette. Émigré and memoirist.
(b. June 22, 1766, Paris - d. Jan 29, 1839, Paris)
Montagu, Lilian Helen
British social activist
(b. 1873 - d. Jan 22, 1963)
Montauban, Marie d'Orleans-Rothelin, Princesse de
French heiress and Revolutionary victim, perished during the Terror, m. Charles II de Rohan, Prince de Rochefort-Montauban (d. 1811).
(b. 1744 - guillotined 1794, Paris)
Montbazon, Marie d'Avuagour de Bretagne, Duchesse de
French society figure, second wife of Hercule de Rohan, Duc de Montbazon (1578 - 1653). Prominent during the wars of the Fronde.
(b. 1612 - d. 1657)
Montbazon, Marie Louise de La Tour d'Auvergne, Duchesse de
French society figure, mistress of Charles Edward Stuart, the Young Pretender.
(b. Aug 15, 1725 - d. Sept, 1781)
Montefeltro, Giovanna da
Italian patron of Perugino and Raphael, ruled the city of Sinigaglia 1501 - 1507.
(b. 1464 - d. 1514)
Montellano, Louisa de Ganda y Sarmiento, Duchess de
Spanish grandee, visited the French court of Louis XIV,1699 - 1700. Mentioned in the memoirs of the Duc de Saint-Simon.
(b. 1659 - d. 1734)
Montenay, Georgette de
French poet, author of Emblemes ou Devises chrestiennes (1571).
(b. 1540, Toulouse - d. 1581, St Germaine, near Toulouse)
Montfort, Laure de
French heiress, the niece of Simon de montfort, m. (1) Infante Ferdinand of Castile, Comte de Aumale (d. c1263) m. (2) Henry de Grandpre, seigneur de Livry (d. c1287).
(b. c1235 - d. before Aug, 1270)
Montgomery, Constance Montague
Anglo-American fashion designer
(b. 1899, London, England - d. May 20, 1992, Manhattan, New York)
American actress, famous as Samantha in the Bewitched television series with Dick Sargent, Dick York, and Agnes Moorehead.
(b. April 15, 1933, Hollywood, California - d. May 18, 1995, Los Angeles, California)
(b. 1843 - d. Oct 8, 1923)
Montmorency-Laval, Marie Louise de
French religieuse and Revolutionary victim, perished during the Terror.
(b. 1723 - guillotined 1794, Paris)
Montmorin de Saint-Herem, Louise Claire de
French religieuse, abbess of St Marie, Fontevrault, Maine 1743 - 1753, the daughters of Louis XV were entrusted to her supervision.
(b. c1691 - d. 1753, Fontevrault)
Moore, Fanny Hanna
(b. 1885, Cleveland, Ohio - d. Sept 11, 1980, Morristown, New Jersey)
Moore, Kathleen Ella
(b. Dec 11, 1874 - d. April 29, 1969)
American writer, author of, Chocolates for Breakfast (1956).
(b. Sept 22, 1937, New York - suicide, 1964)
Moore-Guggisberg, Decima Moore, Lady
British social reformer, activist, and founder.
(b. c1886 - d. Feb 18, 1964)
Moorehead, Agnes Robertson
American film and television actress, famous as Endora in the Bewitched television series.
(b. Dec 6, 1900, Clinton, Massachusetts - d. April 30, 1974, Rochester, Illinois)
Caribbean novelist, daughter of poet Charles Moravia, author of Aude et ses fantomes (1977).
(b. July 9, 1907, Port-au-Prince, Haiti - d. April 10, 1978)
More, Gertrude (original name was Helen)
English Catholic devotional writer, Spiritual Exercises (1658).
(b. 1603 - d. 1633)
British poet, The Humble Wish (1726).
(b. c1692 - d. before 1741)
American dance photographer, she collaborated with dancer Martha Graham to produce, Martha Graham : 16 Dances in Photographs (1941).
(b. 1900 - d. Aug 17, 1992, North Tarrytown, New York)
(b. Jan 5, 1904, Vienna, Austria - d. Nov 1, 1995, Manhattan, New York)
Morley, Edith Julia
(b. 1875 - d. Jan 18, 1964)
(b. May 10, 1910 - d. July 27, 1953)
American actress and author, The Seven Year Itch and The Impossible Years.
(b. 1927, West Hartford, Connecticut - d. June 28, 1997, Simsbury, Connecticut)
(b. 1907 - d. March 12, 1992)
British nursing writer, The Nurses Dictionary, A Complete System of Nursing.
(b. c1840 - d. July 14, 1913)
Mortensdatter, Bente (Mlle Rafsted af Dannemand)
Danish courtier, daughter of a tradesman, mistress of King Frederick VI (1768 - 1839).
(b. Aug 6, 1792 - d. Dec 23, 1862)
Mortimer, Agatha de
English heiress, her letter to the royal chancellor Walter de Merton survives (c1272 -12 74).
(b. c1240 - d. 1306)
Mortimer, Barbara Cushing see Paley, Barbara Cushing Mortimer
Moulton, Louise Chandler
American poet, travel writer, and salonniere, The Poems and Sonnets (1909).
(b. April 10, 1835, Pomfret, Connecticut - d. Aug 10, 1908)
British-Jamaican poet, her work was included in J.E. Clare McFarlane's A Literature in the Making (1956).
(b. c1890, England - d. 1953, Jamaica)
Mowatt, Anna Cora
American actress, novelist, and biographer, Autobiography of an Actress (1854).
(b. March 5, 1819, Bordeaux, Guyenne, France - d. July 21, 1870)
Muslim princess of Oman, supporter of the regimes of her nephews Salim and Said.
(fl. 1783 - 1821)
French-American author, La Femme Soleil (1976) : A Taste for freedom : The Life of Astolphe de Custrine (1996) for which she was awarded the Goncourt prize for biography.
(b. 1935, Paris)
Chinese film actress and singer
(b. Oct 10, 1963, Hong Kong, China - d. Dec 30, 2003, Hong Kong)
(b. May 14, 1880 - d. Feb 20, 1963)
Indian poet, wrote Maratha hymns and psalms.
(b. c1240 - d. 1297)
American novelist and poet, Paulus Fry (1924), Balm in Gilead (poems, 1930) and Streams from the Source (poems, 1938).
(b. July 12, 1899, New Rochelle, New York)
Mullins, Isla May
American memoirist and writer, When Yesterday Was Young (1926) and a biography of her husband, Edgar Young Mullins (1929) a Baptist clergyman.
(b. April 30, 1859, Summerfield, Alabama - d. Feb 6, 1936)
Mumford, Ethel Watts
American author, The Complete Cynic's Calendar (1905) : Out of the Ashes (1913) : The Pageant of the Seven Seas (1925).
(b. 1878, New York - d. May 2, 1940)
Munzingen, Anna von
German writer, Chronik der Anna von Munzingen (1318).
(b. 1265, Freiburg im Breisgau - d. 1327, nun at Freiburg)
Egyptian vocalist and actress, Ghazl El-Banat (Feminine Flirtations) (1948).
(b. 1918 - d. 1995)
Murfree, Mary Noailles
American novelist and short story writer, used the pseudonym, 'Charles Egbert Craddock,' In the Tennessee Mountains (1884) : The Mystery of Witch-Face Mountain, and Other Stories (1895) : The Amulet (1906).
(b. Jan 24, 1850, Murfreesboro, Tennessee - d. July 31, 1922)
Murphy, Mabel Ansley
American author, used the pen name 'Anne S. Lee', American Leaders (1920) : When Rome Reigned (1926) : They Were Little Once (1942).
(b. Feb 21, 1870, Plumville, Pennsylvania - d. after 1948)
Murray, Beatrice Cuthbert, Lady
British painter, daughter of Ferdinand Cuthbert, m. (1953) General Sir Horatius Murray, KBE (1903 - 1989).
(b. c1909 - d. 1983)
Murray, Judith Sargent Stevens
American dramatist, poet and essayist, used the pen name ' Constantia,' The Medium; or A Happy Tea-Party (prod. 1795) : TheTraveller Returned (prod. 1796) : The Gleaner (1798) (three volumes of collected works).
(b. May 1, 1751, Gloucester, Massachusetts - d. July 6, 1820)
Murray, Margaret Alice
(b. 1863 - d. Nov 13, 1963)
(b. Nov 20, 1910 - d. July 1, 1985)
Murray, Violet Cecil
(b. March 29, 1885 - d. Feb 21, 1961)
British physician and writer, Womanhood and Health (1923).
(b. 1874 - d. 1933)
Myers, Sarah Ann Irwin
American author and painter, Fitz Harold (1853) : Self-Sacrifice; or, The Pioneers of Fuegia (1861) : Poor Nicholas (1863) : Margaret Gordon (1869).
(b. 1800, Wilmington, Delaware - d. Dec 11, 1876)
Myrie, Daisy Baxter
Jamaican poet,government radiographer, A Christmas Carol (c1950) : My Island Home.
(b. March 25, 1908, Jamaica)
French-American actress, Thousands Cheer (1943) : Devotion (1946) as Mme Heger : The Fighting Kentuckian (1949).
(b. June 26, 1898, Paris, France - d. Nov 18, 1978, Doylestown, Pennsylvania, USA)
Greek poet, native of Anthedon, Boetia. Entered into poetic imitation of Pindar.
(fl. c500 B.C.E.)