Eadgifu see also Edgiva
Eadgyth see also Edith
Anglo-Saxon princess, daughter of Edward the Elder and his first wife Ecgwynn, m. briefly (926 - 927) to Sihtric, King of Northumberland. Repudiated and childless, she became Abbess of Tamworth, taking the religious name Beatrice. Revered as a saint.
(b. c900 - d. after 946, Tamworth Abbey, Staffordshire)
(b. 1904 - d. 1981)
Ealdgyth of Sweden (sometimes incorrectly called Edith)
Anglo-Saxon queen, daughter of Olaf II, King of Sweden and Edla, the captive Slav princess, m. (1) earl Sigeferth (d. 1015) m. (2) King Edmund II 'Ironsides' (d. 1016). Mother of Edward the Exile (1016 - 1057). Paternal grandmother of St Margaret of Scotland.
(b. c995 - d. c1028)
(b. 1896 - d. Nov 8, 1930)
(b. 1921 - d. 1963)
(b. 1883 - d. June 3, 1970)
Earle, Alice Morse
American antiquarian and author, The Sabbath in Puritan New England (1891) : Colonial Dames and Good Wives (1895) : Two Centuries of Costume in America (1903, 2 volumes).
(b. April 27, 1853, Worcester, Massachusetts - d. Feb 16, 1911)
Earle, Maria Theresa
British horticulturalist and writer, Gardening for the Ignorant (1912).
(b. June 8, 1836 - d. Feb 27, 1925)
Irish healer and clairvoyant
(b. c1798 - d. 1874)
American writer and correspondent, author of And This Is Boston (1933) : Ports of the Sun (1937) : New York holidays (1950).
(b. c1891, Newton, Massachusetts - d. Aug 25, 1969)
Easter, Margeurite Elisabeth
American poet, Clytie, and Other Poems (1891).
(b. 1839, Leesburg, Virginia - d. 1894)
Eastern Jewel see Yochiko Kawashima
Eastlake, Elizabeth Rigby, Lady
(b. Nov 17, 1809 - d. Oct 2, 1893)
Eastman, Elaine Goodale
American author, Apple Blossoms : Verses of Two Children (1878) : Wigwam Evenings (1909) : The Luck of Oldacres (1929).
(b. Oct 9, 1863, Mt Washington, Massachusetts - d. Feb 24, 1948)
Eastman, Julia Arabella
American novelist, Short Comings and Long Goings (1869) : Beulah Romney (1871) : Young Rick (1875).
(b. July 17, 1837, Fulton, New York - d. Jan 1, 1911)
Eaton, Anne Thaxter
American editor and author, Reading with Children (1940), compiler of Poet's Craft (1935, poems) : A Book List for Boys and Girls (1946).
(b. May 3, 1881, Beverly Farms, Massachusetts - d. May 5, 1971)
Swiss diarist, traveller and journalist
(b. 1877 - d. 1904)
Eberhart, Nellie Richmond
American lyricist, she collaborated with the poet Charles Wakefield Cadman to produce words for From the hand of Sky-Blue Water and At Dawning.
(b. 1871, Detroit, Michigan - d. Nov 5, 1944)
German vocalist and actress, acclaimed as 'Queen of the Lyrical Berlin Backyard Chanson', mainly for Lieder eines armen Madchens, written by her first husband Friedrich Hollaender.
(b. Nov 4, 1899, Berlin, Prussia - d. Dec 25, 1993, Berlin)
German Dominican nun, visionary and author, Buchlein von der Gnaden Uberlast (c1346).
(b. March 26, 377, Nuremburg - d. Dec 27, 1356, Engelthal, near Nuremburg)
Bavarian Dominican nun, visionary and letter writer, her correspondence with Henry of Nordlingen is considered the oldest extant collection of letters in German.
(b. c1291, Donauworth - d. June 29, 1351, convent of Maria Medingen, near Dillingen)
Ebner-Eschenbach, Marie Dubsky, Baroness von
Austrian author and prose writer, Aphorismen (1880) : Gesammelte Schriften (1893 - 1910).
(b. Sept 13, 1830, Zdisslawitz, Moravia - d. March 12, 1916, Vienna)
Eboli, Ana Hurtado de Mendoza y la Cerda, Princess de
Spanish courtier and political intriguer, formerly the mistress of King Philip II, she was eventually banished from court to her estates at Pastrana.
(b. June 29, 1540, Cifuentes, Guadalajara, Castile - d. Feb 2, 1592, Pastrana, Guadalajara)
Italian vocalist, who performed in London Arianna e Teseo, 1760 - 1762.
(fl. c1740 - 1762)
Ebrington, Marjorie Ellinor Trotter, Lady
British civic activist, OBE, first wife of Denzil, 6th Earl Fortescue (1893 - 1977).
(b. Dec 30, 1893 - d. July 9, 1964)
Eccles, Mary Morley Crapo, Lady
American-British society figure, m. Donald Hyde, 2nd Viscount Eccles.
(b. July 8, 1912 - d. Aug 26, 2003, Somerville, New Jersey, USA)
Eccles, Sybil Dawson, Lady
British letter writer, By Safe Hand : The Letters of Sybil and David Eccles (1983).
(b. 1906 - d. 1977)
Anglo-Saxon queen, heiress of the earldom of Mercia, the niece of Eahlswith, wife of King Alfred, first wife (c887) of Edward the Elder (871 - 924), and mother of King Athelstan (c895 - 939). Her daughter Eadgyth (Edith) was briefly the wife of Sihtric, King of Northumberland.
(b. c873 - d. c900)
Eckstorm, Fannie Hardy
American author, The Penobscot Man (1904) : British Ballads from Maine (1929) : Old John Neptune and Other Maine Indian Shamans (1945).
(b. June 18, 1865, Brewer, Me. - d. Dec 31, 1946)
Eddy, Mary Morse Baker Glover
American author and founder of the Church of Christ, Scientist (Christian Scientists), Science and Health (1875) : Miscellaneous Writings (1896).
(b. July 16, 1821, Bow, New Hampshire - d. Dec 3, 1910)
British novelist, Confidential Letter of Albert (1790).
(fl. c1780 - 1790)
American film and television actress, I Dream of Jeannie (1965 - 1970).
(b. Aug 23, 1934, Tucson, Arizona)
Anglo-Indian traveller, diarist, novelist, and society leader, Up the Country.
(b. March 3, 1797 - d. Aug 5, 1869)
Eden, Frances (Fanny)
British traveller and memoirist, sister of Emily.
(b. 1801 - d. 1849)
Ederle, Gertrude Caroline
American swimmer, first woman to cross the English Channel (1926).
(b. Oct 23, 1906, New York - d. Nov 30, 2003, Wyckoff, New Jersey)
Swiss chemist and feminist, established the Swiss Institute for Home Economics (1948).
(b. March 2, 1894, New York, USA - d. Oct 24, 1957, Zurich, Switzerland)
Edey, Helen Winthrop
American psychiatrist and philanthropist
(b. 1912, New York - d. Sept 15, 1998, Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts)
(b. 1871 - d. 1948)
Edgerton, Alice Craig
American lawyer and author, A Speech for Every Occasion (1931) : Juvenile Selections and Dialogue (1931).
(b. July 25, 1874, Caldwell, Wisconsin - d. Jan 7, 1946)
(b. c1878 - d. 1959)
Edgiva of England (Eadgifu)
Queen of Arles c924 - 928, third wife of King Louis III the Blind (formerly emperor) (880 - 928), granddaughter of King Alfred, briefly regent of Provence during the Saracen invasions, m. (2) c941, Eberhard III of Nellenburg, Count of Nordgau (c905 - 973) as his second wife.
(b. c908 - d. after Jan, 962)
Edinger, Tilly (Ottilie)
German-American palaeontologist and author, dau. of neurologist Ludwig Edinger (1855 - 1918), Die fossilen Gehirne (1929) : Evolution of the Horse Brain (1948).
(b. Nov 13, 1897 Frankfurt am Main, - d. May 27, 1967, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA).
Edington, Carmen Ballen (Carmencita Alicia Eunice Ursula)
American novelist, wife and co-author of novelist Arlo Channing Edington (1890 - 1953), The House of the Vanishing Goblets (1930) : The Monk's Hood Murders (1931).
(b. Dec 31, 1894, Santa Cruz, California)
Anglo-Saxon princess and saint, daughter of King Edgar I and Wulfthryth. Revered as a saint.
(b. 961, Kemsing, Kent - d. May, 984)
Edith of England
Queen of Germany 936 - 947, first wife of Otto I the Great (912 - 973). Granddaughter of King Alfred. Reconciled the king with his mother the empress Mathilda.
(b. c913 - d. Jan 26, 947)
Edith of Wessex
Anglo-Saxon princess, daughter of King Egbert and his Carolingian wife Raedburh (Redburga). she was Abbess of Pollesworch.
(b. c803 - d. March 15, 871, Pollesworch)
New Zealand poet, novelist, and autobiographer, OBE (1986).
(b. 1924 - d. 2000)
Edmonstone, Ida Agnes Eleanor Forbes, Lady
British courtier, lady-in-waiting to HRH Princess Christian (Helena) daughter of Queen Victoria.
(b. 1870 - d. Dec 21, 1946)
(b. 1828 - d. 1907)
(b. 1903 - d. 1934)
(b. 1882 - d. Oct 22, 1968)
Edwards, Evangeline Dora
(b. 1888 - d. 1957)
Edwardes, Emma Sidney, Lady
(b. 1825 - d. Aug 28, 1904)
American political activist and journalist
(b. 1896 - d. 1990)
American film actress, Tucson (1949)
(b. Aug 24, 1928, Jackson Heights, New York)
British actress, played the role of Rose in The Recruiting Officer, 1722 - 1724.
(fl. c1710 - 1724)
Eells, Elsie Spicer (Eusebia)
American author, Fairy Tales from Brazil (1917) : The Islands of Magic (1922) : Tales of Enchantment from Spain (1950).
(b. Sept 21, 1880, West Winfield, New York - d. May 24, 1963)
Egerton, Elizaabeth Ariana Bentinck, Lady
British courtier, m. (1720) Henry Egerton, Bishop of Hereford.
(b. June 27, 1703 - d. 1765)
Egerton, Mabelle Brassey, Lady
British war worker, served with the ambulance corps during WW I, CBE.
(b. 1865 - d. Feb 18, 1927)
Egerton, Sarah Fyge
British poet, Memoirs of Europe (1710).
(b. 1670, London - d. Feb, 1723)
British film actress, The Collector (1965)
(b. March 5, 1939, Hampstead, London)
German author, established and managed the Hamburg Kammerspiele from 1945, her autobiography, Gott hat einen grossheren Kopf, mein Kind (1985).
(b. July 7, 1900, Prerau - d. Feb 16, 1989, Hamburg)
Ehrencron-Kidde, Astrid Margrethe
Danish novelist and children's author
(b. 1874 - d. 1960)
Swiss novelist and writer
(b. 1755 - d. 1795)
Eibenschutz, Riza (Madame Malata-Eibenschutz)
Austro-Hungarian vocalist, member of the Dresden Court Opera 1905 - 1911. Best known as Brunnhilde, Der Ring des Nibelungen, Senta, Der fliegende Hollander, Leonore, Fidelio.
(b. Feb 17, 1870, Budapest, Hungary - d. Jan 16, 1947, Perchtoldsdorf, Lower Austria).
American stage, film, and television actress, LA Law.
(b. Jan 21, 1947, New Haven, Connecticut)
American film and television actress, Never Say Die (1988).
(b. May 5, 1952, Dharan, Saudi Arabia)
Eis, Maria Theresia
Austrian leading character actress and tragedienne, Hamburg from 1925. Her greatest role was in Grillparzer's Sappho (1945).
(b. Feb 22, 1896, Prague, Bohemia - d. Dec 18, 1954, Vienna, Austria)
Eisenhart, Louise (Franziska Maria Louise Karoline)
Bavarian journalist and salonniere, author of the popular, Konig Ludwig II. und Bismarck (1899).
(b. Dec 13, 1827, Munich - d. Dec 28, 1901, Munich)
Eisenhower, Mamie Geneva Doud
American First Lady 1953 - 1961, m. (1916) President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
(b. Nov 14, 1896, Boone, Iowa - d. Nov 1, 1979, Washington D.C.)
German painter and illustrator of children's books, Die Elfen (1922).
(b. March 22, 1887, Nuremburg - d. Dec 1, 1968, Berlin)
Austrian-Anglo vocalist, known for her roles in Richard Strauss's Die agyptische Helena and Kurt Weill's Die Burgschaft, and the fim musical, Zwei Herzen im Dreivierteltakt (1930).
(b. Dec 8, 1903, Kosel, Silesia - d. April 8, 1994, Weston-super-Mare, England)
Eisner, Lotte Henriette
German-French journalist and film historian, used the pseudonym 'Louise Escoffier, L'ecran demoniaque (1952) : F.W. Murnau (1964). Admitted to the French Legion of Honour.
(b. March 3, 1896, Berlin, Prussia - d. Nov 25, 1983, Garches, Hauts-de-Seine, France)
Austrian vocalist, sang the role of Blonde in Die Entfuhrung aus dem Serail at the Salzburg Festival (1926). Teaching singing in San Francisco, California in 1938.
(b. 1883, Vienna - d. after 1938, USA)
Ekins, Emily Helen
(b. Nov 9, 1879 - d. June 4, 1964)
Eldershaw, Elizabeth see MacIntyre, Elizabeth
American actress, wife of Frederic March, Long Days Journey Into Night (1956 - 1957).
(b. Sept 15, 1901, Brooklyn, New York - d. Aug, 1988, Santa Barbara, California)
(b. 1851 - d. Aug 17, 1920)
Eleanor of Castile
Queen of England 1272 - 1290, first wife (1254) Edward I (1239 - 1307).
(b. 1241, Castile, Spain - d. Nov 28, 1290, Harby, Nottinghamshire)
Eleanor of Semur (Helie)
Duchess of Burgundy, first wife of Duke Robert I (1011 - 1076). Divorced c1044.
(b. 1016, Semur-en-Auxois, Brionnaise - d. April 22, 1109)
Eleanor Plantagenet (1)
Queen of Castile 1170 - 1214, wife of Alfonso VIII (1155 - 1214).
(b. Oct 13, 1161, Domfront, Normandy - d. Oct 25, 1214, Burgos, Castile, Spain)
Eleanor Plantagenet (2)
English princess, daughter of King John, sister of Henry III, m. Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester (1208 - 1265), who rebelled against the crown.
(b. 1215 - d. 1275, Abbey of Montargis, France)
Eleanor Plantagenet (3)
Queen consort of Aragon 1290 - 1291, eldest daughter of Edward I. Wife of Alfonso III.
(b. June 17, 1264, Windsor Castle, Berkshire - d. Oct 12, 1297, Ghent, Flanders)
Scottish princess, daughter of James I, King of Scotland, author of novel, Pontus und Sabina(written 1449 - 1456, pub. 1483), m. Archduke Sigismund of Austria (1426 - 1496).
(b. Oct 26, 1427, Dunfermline Palace, Scotland - d. Nov 20, 1480, Innsbruck, Austria)
Eleonora of Austria
Hapsburg archduchess, m. (1913) Alfons von Kloss (1880 - 1953). Eight children.
(b. Nov 28, 1886, Pola - d. May 26, 1974, Vienna)
Queen consort of Georgia, wife of King Bagrat IV (1020 - 1072). Frescoes depicting her and her husband survive at Kutais, Imereti.
(b. c1016 - d. 1034)
Russian grand duchess, born Charlotte of Wurttemburg. Patron of the writer Gogol.
(b. Jan 9, 1807 - d. Jan 21, 1873)
Eleonore of Austria
Queen of Poland, m (1) King Michael Wisnowecki : m. (2) Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine.
(b. May 31, 1653, Regensburg, Bavaria - d. Dec 17, 1697, Vienna, Austria)
British novelist, The Constant Couple (1709).
(fl. c1700 - 1709)
Elflaed, Elfleda see Aelflaed
Elfrida see also Aelfthryth
Elfrida of Flanders
Flemish countess, great-granddaughter of King Alfred, m. (1) Sifrid, Danish count of Guines (d. 968) m. (2) Walter I, Count of Valois-Vexin (c922 --998).
(b. c937 - d. c980)
Elgin, Mary Nisbet, Countess of
British traveller and letter writer
(b. 1777 - d. 1855)
Elgiva see Aelfgifu
Elibank, Isabella Mackenzie, Lady
Scottish heiress, inherited the extensive estates of the Cromartie family (1796).
(b. 1735 - d. Dec 26, 1801)
Grand duchess of Tuscany, elder sister of Napoleon I, m. Count Felix Bacchiochi.
(b. 1777 - d. 1820)
Elisabeth see also Elizabeth
Elisabeth of Baden-Durlach
German poet, daughter of Margrave George Frederick, Tausendt merckwurdige Gedenck-Spruch aus unterschiedlichen Authoren zusammengezogen und in teutsche Verse ubertragen (1685).
(Feb 5, 1620, Durlach, Baden - d. Oct 13, 1692, Basel, Switzerland).
Elisabeth of Bavaria (Elsa)
German heiress, m. Frederick I, elector of Brandenburg (1371 - 1440). Renowned as ' the beautiful Else' the progenitress of all electors, kings and emperors of the Hohenzollern dynasty.
(b. 1383 - d. Nov 13, 1442, Ansbach, Brandenburg)
Elisabeth of Bohemia
Queen of Germany, daughter of emperor Sigismund I, m. Albert V, Duke of Austria, German king 1438 - 1439. Had her infant son Ladislas I crowned king of Hungary (1440).
(b. 1409 - d. Dec 19, 1442)
Elisabeth of Brandenburg
Duchess of Brunswick-Luneburg, m. Duke Eric I. Supporter of Luther and Calvin, she ruled as regent for her son Eric II and opposed his restoration of Catholicism. Wrote religious works.
(b. Aug 24, 1510, Berlin - d. May 25, 1558, Ilmenau, Thuringia)
Elisabeth of Hesse-Marburg
Duchess of Saxony, m Duke John (d. 1537).Heiress of the duchy of Rochlitz.A supporter of the Reformation she joined the Schmalkaldic League (1538). Accused of treason and dispossessed.
(b. March 4, 1502, Marburg, Hesse - d. Dec 6, 1557, Schmalkalden)
Elisabeth of Gorlitz
Duchess of Luxemburg 1409 - 1425, granddaughter of emperor Charles IV. Widowed twice financial difficulties led to luxemburg being occupied by Philip III of Burgundy. She retired to Trier.
(b. Nov, 1390 - d. Aug 3, 1451, Trier)
Elisabeth of Gorz-Tyrol
Queen of Germany 1298 - 1308, m. King Albert I (1255 - 1308). Mother of emperor Henry VII of Luxemburg. Retired to abbey of Konigsfelden (1311) which she had founded.
(b. 1261 - d. Oct 28, 1313, Konigsfelden, near Brugg, Aargau)
Elisabeth of Lorraine (Isabella, Isabelle)
French translator of heroic epics, Loher und Maller and Sibille, daughter of Frederick V of Lorraine, m. (1412) Philip I, Count of Nassau-Saarbrucken, regent 1429 - 1438 for her son Philip II.
(b. 1393, Vezelise, Lorraine - d. Jan 17, 1456, Saarbrucken, Nassau)
Elisabeth of Romania
Queen of Greece, the daughter of Ferdinand I, King of Romania, and Marie of Edinburgh, the granddaughter of Queen Victoria, she m. King George II of Greece. No children.
(b. 1894 - d. 1956)
Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg
Grand duchess of Luxemburg 1853 - 1896, wife of Grand Duke Peter II.
(b. March 26, 1826 - d. Feb 2, 1896)
Elisabeth of Saxony
Princess, daughter of elector Augustus I. A Lutheran, she m. (1570) John Kasimir, Count Palatine of the Rhine. Imprisoned by her Calvinist husband 1589 - 1590.
(b. Oct 18, 1552, Wolkenstein - d. April 2, 1590, Heidelberg)
Elisabeth Charlotte - Liselotte see Orleans, Duchesse d'
Elisabeth Charlotte of the Palatinate
Electress of Brandenburg, m. (1616) elector George William (d. 1640), mother of great elector Frederick William (1620 - 1688) grandmother of Prussian king Frederick I (1657 - 1713).
(b. Nov 7, 1597, Heidelberg - d. April 16, 1660, Crossen an der Oder)
Elisabeth Christina of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel (1)
Holy Roman empress 1711 - 1740, wife of Charles VI (1685 - 1740), mother of Empress Maria Theresa (1717 - 1780), and the grandmother of Marie Antoinette (1755 - 1793).
(b. Aug 28, 1691, Brunswick - d. Dec 21, 1750, Vienna, Austria)
Elisabeth Christina of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel (2)
Queen consort of Prussia 1740 - 1786, the wife (1733) of Frederick the Great (17123 - 1786). No children, she wrote and translated devotional works.
(b. Nov 8, 1715, Wolfenbuttel - d. Jan 13, 1787, Berlin, Prussia)
Elisabeth Eleanore of Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel
Duchess of Saxe-Meiningen, and devotional writer, instigated over thirty years of fratricidal war at the court of Meiningen, m (1681) Duke Bernard (d. 1706), stepmother of Duke Ernest Louis.
(b. Sept 30, 1658, Brunswick - d. March 15, 1729, Meiningen, Thuringia)
Elisabeth Eugenie Amelie
Holy Roman empress 1854 - 1898, m. emperor Franz Joseph (1830 - 1916). Mother of Crown Prince Rudolf (1858 - 1889). Assassinated by the anarchist Luigi Luccheni whilst travelling.
(b. Dec 24, 1837, Munich, Bavaria - d. murd. Sept 10, 1898, Geneva, Switzerland)
Elisabeth Maria Isabella
Queen of Spain 1714 - 1746, second wife of Philip V (1683 - 1746) she was the daughter of Odoardo II Farnese, Duke of Parma, and Dorothea Sophia of Palatine-Neuburg.
(b. Oct 25, 1692, Parma, Italy - d. July 11, 1766, Aranjuez, near Madrid, Spain)
Elisabeth Marie Philippine
Bourbon princess of France, granddaughter of Louis XV, sister of Louis XVI. Unmarried, she accompanied the royal family on their unsuccessful escape to Varennes (1792) and shared their imprisonment in the Temple.
(b. May 3, 1764, Palace of Versailles, near Paris - guillotined May 10, 1794, Paris)
Elizabeth see also Elisabeth
Elizabeth of Denmark
Princess, daughter of King John I, m. (1502) Joachim I, elector of Brandenburg. Converted her son Joachim II to the Lutheran faith and worked for the consolidation of the Lutheran religion.
(b. 1485, Copenhagen, Denmark - d. June 10, 1555, Berlin, Brandenburg, Prussia)
Elizabeth of Great Britain
Princess and artist, daughter of George III, m.(1818) Frederick VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg.
(b. May 22, 1770, Buckingham Palace, London - d. Jan 10, 1840, Frankfort-am-Main, Germany)
Elizabeth of Hungary
Princess, saint and ascetic, daughter of King Andrew III, m. Louis IV, Landgrave of Thuringia (1202 - d. 1227). Her religious mentor was Conrad of Marburg. Canonized (1235) by Pope Gregory IX.
(b. 1207, Hungary - d. Nov 16, 1231, Marburg)
Elizabeth of the Palatine
Princess of Bohemia, maternal aunt of George I of England. Descartes dedicated his Principia philosophiae (1644) to her. Abbess of the Protestant abbey of Herford 1667 - 1680.
(b. Dec 26, 1618, Heidelberg - d. Feb 8, 1680, Herford)
Elizabeth of Prussia
German princess, m. (1836) Prince Charles of Hesse-Darmstadt, mother of Grand Duke Louis IV (1837 - 1892). Established the Elizabeth foundation as a nursing school at Darmstadt (1858).
(b. June 18, 1815, Berlin, Prussia - d. March 21, 1885, Darmstadt, Hesse)
Elizabeth of Schonau
German Benedictine nun, visionary and mystic, author of Revelationes de sacro exercitu Coloniensium (1156 - 1157) concerning the legend of St Ursula and the 11,000 virgins.
(b. 1129 - d. June 18, 1164, Schonau monastery, near St Goarshausen).
Elizabeth of York
Queen consort of England 1486 - 1503, eldest daughter of Edward IV, heiress to the crown after the murder of her two brothers in 1483, wife (1486) of Henry VII. Mother of Henry VIII. Grandmother of Edward VI, Mary I, Elizabeth I, and Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots.
(b. Feb 11, 1466, Westminster Palace, London - d. Feb 11, 1503, Tower of London)
English princess, twelfth daughter of Edward I and his first wife Eleanor of Castile, m. (1) John, Count of Holland (d. 1299), m. (2) (1302) Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex (1276 - 1321).
(b. Aug, 1282, Rhuddlan Castle, Flintshire, Wales - d. May c5, 1316, Quendon, Essex).
Queen of Bohemia, daughter of James I of England, she m. elector Palatine Frederick V, King of Bohemia 1619 - 1620. Known as the 'Winter Queen', her daughter Sophia was the mother of King George I 1714 - 1727.
(b. Aug 19, 1596, Falkland Castle, near Perth, Scotland - d. Feb 13, 1662, London, England)
English princess, daughter of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York. Died young.
(b. July 2, 1492 - d. Oct 7 or 14, 1495, Eltham Palace, Kent)
Queen of England 1464 - 1483, m. (1) Sir John Grey, of Groby, Leicestershire : m. (2) 1464 Edward IV (1442 - 1483). Mother of the princes killed in the Tower, Edward V and Richard, Duke of York, and of Elizabeth, wife of Henry VII. Retired to abbey of St Saviour, Bermondsey.
(b. 1437, Grafton Regis, Northants - d. June 8, 1492, Bermondsey, London)
Elizabeth Georgiana Adelaide
British princess, elder daughter of William IV and his wife Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen. Died in infancy from an entanglement of the bowels.
(b. Dec 10, 1820, St James's Palace, London - d. there March 4, 1821)
British composer, Henry of Navarre (1894).
(b. 1857 - d. April 5, 1924)
Elliott, Gertrude (Lady Forbes-Robertson)
(b. 1874 - d. Dec 24, 1950)
British philanthropist and author, writer on subjects connected with the Poor Law. Patron and activist for the improvement of the lot of working girls.
(b. c1832 - d. Jan 11, 1901)
Ellis, Amabel Nassau Strachey, Lady Williams-
British author, The Raingod's Daughter (1977) : The Stony Spirits (1980) : Memoirs (1983).
(b. May 10, 1894 - d. Aug 27, 1984, Plas Brondanw, Llanfrothen, Gwynedd, Wales)
Ellis, Caroline Crockett
American radio and television personality
(b. 1878 - d. May 17, 1963)
Ellis, Mary Baxter
British military official
(b. Nov 12, 1892 - d. April 12, 1968)
Ellis, Mary Jenny Lake
British medical officer
(b. 1921 - d. 1983)
American actress, A Night at the Ritz (1934).
(b. c1910, Birmingham, Michigan - d. March 26, 1970, Kansas City)
(b. 1927 - d. 1955)
Ellsworth, Mary Wolcott Janvrin
American author, Peace; or, The Stolen Will (1857) : An Hour With the Children (1860), contributor to Godey's Lady's Book.
(b. 1830, Exeter, New Hampshire - d. Aug 19, 1870)
Elmhirst, Dorothy Whitney
British social activist
(b. 1887 - d. Dec 14, 1968)
Elmslie, Christiana Deanes
(b. 1869 - d. July 9, 1961)
Elsa, Else see Elisabeth of Bavaria
(b. 1886 - d. Dec, 1962)
British character actress, The Secret Garden (1949) : My Fair Lady (1964).
(b. March 16, 1893, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire - d. Jan 12, 1981, Woodland Hills, California)
Elvira of Leon
Spanish Infanta and regent
(b. c937 - d. c986)
British television producer
(b. 1928 - d. 1987)
Elwyn Jones, Pearl Binder, Lady (Polly)
British author and painter
(b. 1904 - d. Jan 26, 1990)
Ely, Jane Hope-Vere, Marchioness of
British courtier, favourite lady-in-waiting of Queen Victoria, (V.A.).
(b. Dec 3, 1821, Edinburgh, Scotland - d. June 11, 1890, Wilton Place, Middlesex, London)
Embury, Emma Catherine
American poet, writer and essayist, Constance Latimer; or, The Blind Girl (1838) : Love's Token Flowers (1846) : The Waldorf Family (1848) : The Poems (1869).
(b. c1806, New York - d. Feb 10, 1863).
Emerson, Ellen Russell
American folk-lorist and author, Indian Myths (1884) : Masks, Heads and Faces (1894) : Native and Human Nature (1901).
(b. Jan 16, 1837, New Sharon, Me. - d. June 12, 1907)
American stage and film actress, The Children's Hour (1934).
(b. 1906 - d. Feb, 1980, Portland, Maine)
British actress at Haymarket Theatre, London 1896 - 1905.
(b. 1866, Manchester, Lancashire- d. July 15, 1924)
Romanian memoirist, journalist and writer
(b. 1840 - d. 1910)
Carolingian patrician, the sister of Bernharius, Bishop of Worms, and the wife of Einhard (c770 - 840) the friend and biographer of the emperor Charlemagne. The romantic tradition that makes Emma the daughter of Charlemagne is completely unhistorical. His son Louis I ' the Pious ' bestowed the rich fiefs of Michelstadt and Mulinheim, in the Odenwald, upon Emma and her husband.
(fl. c800 - 815)
Emma of Altdorf
Queen of Bavaria, m. (827) Carolingian king Louis the German (806 - 876). Sister to the empress Judith, wife of emperor Louis the Pious.
(b. c812, Altdorf, Bavaria - d. Jan 31, 876, Regensburg Palace, Bavaria)
Emma of Neustria
Queen of France 923 - 935, the daughter of King Robert I 922 - 923, she m. (914) Raoul of Burgundy, who became king after the death of her father. No children.
(b. c891 - d. cOct, 935)
Emma of Normandy
French religious patron, the daughter of Duke William I ' Longsword ' and his second wife Luitgarde of Vermandois. She m. (c959) Willaim IV of Poitiers, Duke of Aquitaine (c937 - 996). She founded the abbey of St Peter, Bourgeuil, Poitou, which was administered by her cousin Abbot Gauzbert de Poitiers.She became reconciled to the duke (993) after many years of estrangement, when he instituted their son William V (969 - 1030) as joint ruler.
(b. c942 - d. 1004)
Emmerich, Anne Catherine
German visionary and spiritual writer
(b. c1781 - d. 1824)
Emmet, Dorothy May
(b. 1904 - d. Sept 20, 2000)
American child educator, director of the Aspen Institute.
(b. Sept 23, 1911 - d. Sept 22, 1982)
Emo Capodilista, Giacinta
Italian patrician, daughter of Alessandro Ruspoli, Prince di Cerveteri and Marianita Montefeltro della Rovere. She m. (1) (1919) Clemente, Marchese del Drago di Rioffreddo (1897 - 1939) : m. (2) (1941, Rome) Conte Alvise Emo Capodilista (1898 - 1980). Mother of Marchese Francesco de l Drago di Rioffreddo (b. 1920).
(b. April 11, 1898, Padua - d. Sept 14, 1982, Rome)
Emsley, Clare see Plummer, Clare Emsley
German mystic and anchorite
Norwegian religious poet
(b. 1643 - d. 1716)
Engelhard, Magdalene Philippine
(b. 1756 - d. 1831)
Engert, Sara Cunningham
American heroine, assisted with the defence of the US legation in Addis Ababa (1936).
(b. 1885, San Francisco, California - d. July 14, 1972, Brussels, Belgium)
Engilberga see also Angelburga
Engilberga of Vienne
Carolingian queen 883 - 884, the daughter of Boso II of Vienne, King of Provence, and his first wife Hildegarde, the daughter of Emperor Charles II ' the Bald' 877 - 879, m. (1) Carloman III, King of the Franks (d. 884) : m. (2) William II of Poitou, Duke of Aquitaine (c865 - 918).
(b. c868 - d. after Jan, 917)
(b. 1920 - d. 1994)
Engratia of Segovia
Spanish Christian martyr, the sister of saints Fructus and Valentine, with whom she lived at Orospecta, near Seville as an ascetic. She was beheaded by the Moors at Cuellar, south-east of Segovia, with her surviving brother Valentine, their heads being thrown into a well.
(b. c648 - d. 715)
Enniskillen, Nancy MacLennon, Countess of
American-Anglo journalist, diplomat and author, Florence Court My Irish Home.
(b. 1917, Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA
d. Feb 24, 1997, Kinloch House, Amulree, Perthshire, Scotland)
American dancer, author and painter, The First Person Plural (1937) : Silly Girl (1944) : The Loved and the Unloved (1961).
(b. April 28, 1907, New York - d. 1989)
Epernon, Gabrielle Angelique
de Bourbon, Duchesse d'
French royal daughter, born in Paris, natural daughter of Henry IV and Henriette d'Entragues, Marquise de Verneuil. Later legitimated, she m. (1622, at Lyons) Bernard de La Valette (1597 - 1669), Duc d'Epernon, de Foix, and de Candale. She died at Metz.
(b. 1603 - d. April 24, 1627)
Ephron, Phoebe Wolkind
American screenwriter, produced Desk Set (1957).
(b. 1914, New York - d. Oct 13, 1971)
Epinay, Louise Florence Tardieu d'Esclavelles, Marquise de
French letter writer and memoirist
(b. 1726 - d. 1783)
Erbach-Schonburg, Marie Caroline von Battenberg, Princess von
German memoirist, dau. of Alexander, Duke of Wurttemburg and Princess Julia von Battenberg, m. Prince Gustav von Erbach-Schonburg, author of Memoirs of a Battenberg Princess.
(b. July 15, 1852, Geneva, Switzerland - d. June 20, 1923, Schonburg Castle, Erbach, Germany)
Irish virgin saint
(b. c430 - d. c490 C.E.)
Erdody, Countess Helena
Hungarian memoirist, Nearly One Hundred Years of Memories (1929).
(b. 1831 - d. 1925)
Erikson, Joan Mowat
Canadian psychologist, weaver and author, The Universal Bead.
(b. 1906, Canada - d. Aug 3, 1997, Brewster, Massachusetts)
(b. 1868 - d. 1951)
Ermengarde of Anjou (Blanche)
Duchess of Burgundy c1048 - 1076, daughter of Fulk II, Count of Anjou, second wife of Robert I (1011 - 1076), daughter of Fulk III, Count of Anjou..
(b. c1013, Anjou - murd. March 21, 1076, Fleury-sur-Ouche)
Ermengarde of Bavaria
Carolingian princess, daughter of King Louis the German and Emma of Altdorf, Abbess of Buchau and chiemsee 857 - 866. Revered as a saint.
(b. 832, Regensburg Palace, Bavaria - d. July 16, 866, Abbey of Chiemsee)
Ermengarde of Francia
Queen of Provence 876 - 887, the only surviving child and heiress of Carolingian emperor Louis II and his wife Angelburga of Alsace, m. (875) Boso II of Vienne, King of Provence (d. 887) as his second wife. Mother of emperor Louis III (880 - 928) for whom she ruled as regent till her death.
(b. 855 - d. before June 22, 897)
Ermengarde of Hesbayne
Carolingian empress 816 - 818, first wife (794) of emperor Louis I the Pious (778 - 840), daughter of Ingelram, Duke of Hesbayne. Mother of emperor Lothair I (796 - 855).
(b. c781 - d. Oct 3, 818, Angers, Anjou)
Ermengarde of Narbonne
Provencal ruler, lterary patron and founder
(b. c1125 - d. 1194)
Ermengarde of Tours
Carolingian empress 840 - 851, daughter of Hugh II, Count of Tours and Orleans, m. (821) emperor Lothair I (795 - 855) and was the mother of emperor Louis II (822 - 875).
(b. c807 - d. March 20, 851)
Ermengarde of Tuscany
Carolingian ruler, daughter of Adalbert II, Duke of Tuscany and Bertha of Lorraine, m. (c916) Adalbert I, Margrave of Ivrea. Ruled Ivrea during her widowhood and was closely connected with papal politics.
(b. 901 - d. Feb 29, 932)
Anglo-Saxon virgin saint, daughter of Eormenraed, King of Kent, and his wife Oslafa, the daughter of Anna, King of East Anglia. Nun at Thanet, Kent.
(b. c648 - d. Feb 21, c700, Abbey of St Mary, Minster, Thanet)
Ermentrude of Francia
Carolingian princess, daughter of emperor Charles II the Bald and Ermentrude, the daughter of Odo, Count of Orleans. Abbess of Hasnon, Ostrevant and Frauenvord.
(b. 845 - d. after July 11, 877)
Ermentrude of Orleans
Carolingian queen 855 - 869, first wife of future emperor Charles II the Bald (823 - 877). Daughter of Odo, Count of Orleans, and Ingeltrude, daughter of Leuthard of Paris, Count of Fezensac. Mother of Louis II 'the Stammerer' (846 - 879).
(b. Oct 12, 830 - d. Oct 6, 869, Palace of St Denis, Paris)
Ermentrude of Roucy
Queen of Lombardy 980 - 1005, daughter of Rainald, Count of Rheims and Roucy, she m. (1) Alberic II, Count of Macon (c927 - 980) :m. (2) Otto I William of Burgundy, king of Lombardy (c961 - 1026).
(b. c954, Roucy, Marne - d. March 5, 1005)
Ermolova, Maria Nikolaievna
(b. 1853 - d. 1928)
Erroll, Diana Denyse Hay, Countess of
British peeress, twenty-third holder of the earldom 1941 - 1978.
(b. Jan 5, 1926 - d. 1978)
Erroll, Elizabeth Amelia Gore, Countess of
British diarist, traveller and courtier
(b. 1828 - d. 1916)
Erskine-Lindrop, Audrey Beatrice Noel
(b. 1920 - d. 1986)
(b. 1887 - d. 1985)
Eschstruth, Natalie von
German novelist, dramatist and writer
(b. 1870 - d. 1939)
Esdaile, Philippa Chichele
(b. 1888 - d. 1989)
Esler, Ermina Rentoul
Irish novelist, The Way of the Transgressors (1890) : The Trackless Way (1904).
(b. c1856, Ireland - d. before Dec 31, 1928)
(b. 1908 - d. 1992)
Espanca, Florbela de Alma de Conceiao de
Portugese poet and writer
(b. 1894 - d. 1930)
Esparbes de Lussan-Bouchard, Leontine d'
French religieuse, Abbess of Ronceray, Angers 1762 - 1790.
(b. 1718 - guillotined, 1790, Paris)
Spanish religious poet, Canticles of the Almighty.
(b. 1738, Arta Majorca - d. before 1787)
Essex, Rosamund Sybil
(b. 1900 - d. 1985)
(b. 1891 - d. 1984)
Este, Augusta Emma d'
British morganatic granddaughter of George III, m. Thomas Wilde, Lord Truro (1782 - 1855).
(b. Aug 9, 1801, London - d. May 21, 1866, Eaton Square, London)
Este, Isabella d'
Italian salonniere and patron, m. (1490) Gian Francesco II Gonzaga, Marquis of Mantua.
(b. May 18, 1474, Ferrara, Italy - d. Feb 13, 1539, Mantua)
French poet and writer
(b. c1542 - d. c1584)
Caribbean poet, La danse des images (1929).
(b. 1891, Toulouse, France - d. Oct 16, 1961, Guadeloupe)
Estouteville, Marie de Bourbon, Duchesse d'
French peeress, she held the duchy of d'Estouteville 1546 - 1601, and m. (2) Leonor d'Orleans, Duc de Longueville (d. 1573).
(b. May 30, 1539, La Ferte-sous-Jouarre - d. 1601, Pontoise)
Estrees, Marie Margeurite Morin, Comtesse d'
French society figure, courtier of Louis XIV, mentioned in the memoirs of Duc de Saint-Simon.
(b. 1639 - d. 1714)
Ethelfleda see Aethelflaed
Ethelswyth see Aethelswyth
Gallo-Roman poet, the wife of Dynamius (d. c595) rector of the papal estates in Gaul c590 - c595. She was buried with her husband in the same tomb in the church of St Hippolytus, Marseilles. Their grandson Dynamius composed their joint epitaphs, and was probably also the author of verses written in praise of the island of Lerins.
(b. c550 - d. c605)
Byzantine patrician, the wife of Theodosius, official of the emperor Justinian I. The poet Agathias wrote, preserved in the Anthologia Graeca, which celebrate her beauty, her own poetic skill, and her knowledge of the law. The tradition that Eugenia was the sister of Agathias remains unsubstantiated.
(b. c535 - d. c570)
Eugenie de Montijo
Empress consort of France 1853 - 1870 and regent, wife of Napoleon III (1808 - 1873). Famous beauty, she and her aldies were immortalized by the artist Franz Winterhalter. Briefly regent `869 - 1870, she fled to England, and lived for nearly fifty years at Farnsborough House, Chislehurst.
(b. May 5, 1826, Granada, Andalusia, Spain - d. July 10, 1920, Spain)
Eulalia of Barcelona
Spanish Christian martyr
(b. c285 - d. 304 C.E.)
English medical practitioner, Abbess of Wherwell.
(b. c1200, d. 1257, Wherwell Abbey, Hampshire)
Persian Christian martyr
(b. c475 C.E. - d. c518)
Queen of Persia, of Roman patrician birth. Captured at Sura by King Chrosroes I (c500 - 579) who married her and accorded her the rank of queen.
Euphemia, Aelia Marciana
Roman Augusta, daughter of emperor Marcian, stepdaughter to the empress Pulcheria, she m. emperor Anthemius (c415 - 472) whom she survived. Coins survive.
(b. c426 - d. after 472 C.E.)
Euphemia of England
Princess, eldest daughter of Henry I and Matilda of Scotland. Died young.
(b. cJuly, 1101, Winchester Palace, Hampshire - d. before Dec 31, 1101)
Euphemia of Meran
German princess, daughter of Count Berthold IV, and sister of Matilda, abbess of Edelstetten. Abbess of Altmunster. Beatified.
(b. c1127 - d. June 14, 1180, Altmunster Abbey, Upper Bavaria)
Euphemia of Pomerania
Queen of Denmark 1320 - 1330, she m. King Christopher II (1276 - 1332) and was the mother of King Valdemar IV (1320 - 1375).
(b. 1289, Wolgast, Pomerania - d. July 26, 1330)
Euphemia of Ratiboria (Domicilla in religion)
Polish virgin saint, daughter of Duke Przemyslav. Dominican prioress of the convent of the Holy Spirit, Ratiboria. Honoured as a saint (Jan 19).
(b. c1296, Ratiboria, Silesia, Poland - d. Jan 17, 1359, Ratiboria)
Euphemia of Rugen
Queen of Norway 1299 - 1312, m. King Haakon V (1270 - 1319). Two daughters.
(b. 1280, Rugen - d. May 1, 1312)
Euphemia of Silesia-Kosel
Electress of Saxony 1420 - 1422, she m. (1) elector Albert III (d. 1422) : m. (2) George I, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst (1390 - 1474).
(b. c1397 - d. Nov 27, 1444)
Euphemia of Sweden
Princess, daughter of Prince Erik, m. (1336) Albert I, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1318 - 1379) and mother of Albert of Mecklenburg, king of Sweden 1364 - 1389 (1340 - 1412).
(b. 1317, Sweden - d. before June 16, 1370)
Queen of Scotland 1371 - 1387, the second wife (1355) of King Robert III (1316 - 1390), widow of John Randolph, earl of Moray.
(b. c1331 - d. 1387)
Queen of Hungary 1104 - 1114, second wife of King Koloman (1065 - 1114).
(b. 1088, Kiev, Ukraine - d. April 4, 1139)
Merovingian nun, widow of Namatius, Bishop of Vienne (d. 558). Distinguished by her concern for widows, exiles and captives. Venantius Fortunatus composed her epitaph.
(b. c500 - d. c570)
Euphrosyne Dukaina Kamaterina
Byzantine Augusta 1205 - 1211, m. emperor Alexius III Angelus (c1148 - 1211).
(b. c1152 - d. c1213)
Euphrosyne Mikhailovna (Evfrosinia)
Russian classical Greek scholar, daughter of Mikhail of Tschernigov, Grand Prince of Kiev. She died a nun.
(b. c1210 - d. Sept 25, 1250, Suzdal)
Queen of Hungary 1146 - 1161, m. King Geza II (1130 - 1161), mother of Bela III (1148 - 1196).
(b. 1130, Kiev, Ukraine - d. Dec 25, 1199)
Euphrosyne of Poland
Princess, daughter of Duke Przemysl I. Abbess of Treibnitz.
(b. c1247 - d. c1298)
Euphrosyne Rotislavna (originally called Predslava)
Russian virgin saint, daughter of Prince Rotislav of Polotsk. Founded the convent of Seltse and made a pilgrimage to Palestine.
(b. c1110, Polotsk, Russia - d. May 23, 1173, Jerusalem, Palestine)
Russian saint, m. Yaroslav Vladimirovitch, Prince of Pskov. She was murdered by her stepson after he deposed his father.
(b. c1200, Polotsk - d. May 8, 1243, Odenpe)
Eupraxia Vsevolodovna (Praxedis)
Holy Roman empress 1089 - 1106, second wife of emperor Henry IV (1050 - 1106).
(b. 1070, Kiev, Russia - d. July 10, 1109, nun in Kiev)
Roman patrician, correspondent of Ennodius, Bishop of Ticinum.
(fl. c503 - 508)
Welsh virgin saint, daughter of Maelgwyn, King of Gwynedd, m. Elidyr Mmynfawr.
Breton saint, daughter of Juhael, King of Armorica. Honoured with her sister Ouenne (Oct 1).
(b. c640 - d. c700)
Merovingian patrician, Venantius Fortunatus composed her epitaph in his Carmina. Betrothed, she died before her wedding, aged ten.
Greek patrician in Egypt, m. Flavius Apion. She corresponded with Pope Gregory I.
(fl. 592 - 603)
Merovingian virgin saint, Abbess of St Saviour, Marseilles.
(b. c665 - d. 731)
Eusebia of Ostrevant
Merovingian virgin saint, daughter of Count Adalbert and Rictride of Gascony, succeeded her grandmother Gertrude as Abbess of Hamage 649 - 680.
(b. 637 - d. March 16, 680)
American actress and vocalist, wife of Roy Rogers.
(b. Oct 31, 1912, Uvalde, Texas - d. Feb 7, 2001, Apple Valley, California)
Evans, Dame Edith
(b. Feb 8, 1888 - d. Oct 14, 1976)
(b. Aug 28, 1971)
American swimming champion.
Evans, Phyllis Carlyon
(b. 1913 - d. 1990)
Evans, Dame Regina
British social activist
(b. c1878 - d. Oct 2, 1969)
British actress, Lover's Vows (1799).
(fl. c1790 - 1806)
American actress, played Queen Taia, in The Egyptian (1954) : Rear Window (1954).
(b. March 20, 1913, Seneca, South Dakota - d. May 7, 1967, New York)
Everett, Gladys Gordon
(b. 1888 - d. 1971)
French Revolutionary figure, mistress of Jean Marat.
(b. 1764 - d. 1824)
Exeter, Gertrude Blount, Marchioness of
English Tudor political victim and courtier, friend of Queen Mary I. Mother of Edward Courtenay, earl of Devonshire (1526 - 1555) briefly considered as husband for Elizabeth.
(b. c1507 - d. 1558)
Exeter, Myra Rowena Sibell Orde-Powlett, Marchioness of
British society figure
(b. Dec 22, 1879 - d. Oct 27, 1953)
Eyk, Henriette van
Dutch novelist and writer
(b. 1897 - d. 1980)
Eyles, Margaret Leonora
(b. 1889 - d. 1960)
British novelist, The Fault Was All His Own (1771).
(fl. c1760 - 1771)
Ezekiel, Margaret U.
American film director and stage manager
(b. 1914 - d. Aug 14, 1977)